jump to navigation

RETARDASI MENTAL 30/03/2010

Posted by ebekunt in Psikologi.
add a comment

Oleh: Kuntjojo

A. Pengertian Retardasi Mental

Retardasi mental adalah kelainan ataua kelemahan jiwa dengan inteligensi yang kurang (subnormal) sejak masa perkembangan (sejak lahir atau sejak masa anak). Biasanya terdapat perkembangan mental yang kurang secara keseluruhan, tetapi gejala yang utama ialah inteligensi yang terbelakang. Retardasi mental disebut juga oligofrenia (oligo: kurang atau sedikit dan fren: jiwa) atau tuna mental (W.F. Maramis, 2005: 386).

Pada Wikipedia (The Free Encyclopedia, 2010), dinyatakan: Mental retardation (MR) is a generalized disorder, characterized by significantly impaired cognitive functioning and deficits in two or more adaptive behaviors with onset before the age of 18. It has historically been defined as an Intelligence Quotient score under 70. The term “mental retardation” is a diagnostic term denoting the group of disconnected categories of mental functioning such as “idiot”, “imbecile”, and “moron” derived from early IQ tests, which acquired pejorative connotations in popular discourse. (more…)

Advertisements